What is a Limited Liability Company?
A limited liability company, or LLC, is a business entity that combines the limited liability of a corporation with the flexible management options of a general partnership.
- Each member of an LLC enjoys liability limited to that of the investment in the business and pays taxes in proportion to ownership share, thus avoiding the corporate malady of double taxation.
- Every LLC formed in Kansas must have at the end of the company name the words “limited company,” or the abbreviation “LC,” or “L.C.,” or “limited liability company” or the abbreviation “LLC" or “L.L.C.”
- An LLC must maintain a resident agent and file Annual Reports.
- Members of an LLC may be involved in the management of the business without incurring personal liability.
- If properly structured, an LLC may receive pass-through income tax treatment similar to a partnership.
Registration with the Office of the Secretary of State is required.
- The professional limited liability company is comprised of a single professional or group of professionals, who file both Articles of Organization and a certificate from their specific professional regulatory board with the Office of the Secretary of State. The certificate must state that each member is duly licensed and that the company name has been approved. If the limited liability company is organized to exercise the powers of a professional association or corporation, each such profession shall be stated.
- A domestic LLC, one formed in Kansas, must file Articles of Organization.
- A foreign LLC, one formed in another country, state or jurisdiction other than Kansas, must file a Certificate for Authority to Engage in Business in Kansas/Foreign Limited Liability Company Application.
- It may be necessary for the limited liability company interests to be registered with the Office of the Securities Commissioner.
- Liability of members of the limited liability company is limited to the amount invested.
- An LLC has very flexible management options.
- An LLC may be taxed as a partnership.
- An LLC can be perpetual.
- Transfer of interest is limited.
- An investment is of limited liquidity since all members must vote to transfer a member's interest.
- Annual Reports must be made to the Office of the Secretary of State.
- Depending on your circumstances, an LLC may or may not require the use of a Federal Employer Identification Number. If you are not certain, seek competent professional help to advise.
- Although the business structure resembles a Corporation, LLCs can be taxed as though they were a Partnership. The IRS has the ultimate say on taxation, but new Treasury regulations allow the LLC to indicate how it is to be taxed when filing;
- In a LLC, each member must report income on Individual Income Tax Forms and file a Kansas Partnership Return or S Corporation Income Tax (Form K-120S).